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2005年全国专业技术人员职称英语等级考试综合类A级试题

www.beatenglish.com 挑战英语 2010-02-07  来源:网络收集 []



第1部分:词汇选项(第1―15题,每题1分,共15分)
下面共有15个句子,每个句子中均有1个词或短语划有底横线,请从每个句子后面所给的4个选项中选择1个与划线部分意义最相近的词或短语.请将答案涂在答题卡相应的位置上.
1.These are the motives for doing it.
A reasons           B excuses
C answers           D replies
2 .The river widens considerably as it begins to turn west.
   A extends           B stretches
   C broadens           D bends
3 Many economists have given in to the fatal lure of mathematics.
  A error               B puzzle
  C attraction          D contradiction
4 With immense relief I stopped running.
  A no                  B little
  C scarce              D enormous
5 A great deal has been done to remedy the situation.
  A maintain            B improve
  C preserve            D protect
6 John is collaborating with Mary in writing an article.
  A cooperating          B marrying
  C combining            D arguing
7 He will consolidate his power.
  A strengthen           B win
  C abandon              D unite
8 many scientists have been probing psychological problems .
  A solving              B exploring
 C treated              D lessened
9 Hearing problems may be alleviated by changes in diet and exercise habits.
  A removed              B cured
  C treated              D lessened
10 The conclusion can be deduced from the premises.
  A gone                 B derived
  C done                 D come
11 The food is insufficient for three people.
  A scarce               B short
  C marginal             D inadequate
12 Most of the butterflies perish in the first frosts of autumn.
  A die                  B disappear
  C migrate              D vanish
13 But ultimately he gave in.
  A undoubtedly           B certainly
  C finally               D necessarily
14 It is a complicated problem.
  A strange               B complex
  C difficult             D unusual
15 In Britain and many other countries appraisal is now a tool of management.
  A evaluation             B production
  C efficiency              D publicity
 
第2部分:阅读判断(第16―22题,每题1分,共7分)
阅读下面这篇短文,短文后列出了7个句子,请根据短文的内容对每个句子做出判断.如果该句提供的是正确信息,请在答题卡上把A涂黑;如果该句提供的是错误信息,请在答题卡上把B涂黑;如果该句的信息文章中没有提及,请在答题卡上把C涂黑.
Going Back to Its Birthplace
No sporting event takes hold of the world’s attention and imagination like the Olympic Games. The football World Cup fascinates fans in Europe and South America; baseball’s world Series is required viewing in North America; and the World Table Tennis Championships attracts the most interest in Asia.
But the Olympics belong to the whole world. Now, after traveling to 17 countries over 108 years, the summer Games are returning to Athens, the place where the first modern Olympics was held.
Participation in the games is looked on not only as  achievement, but also as an honour. The 16 days between
August 13 and 29 will see a record 202 countries compete, up from Sydney’s 199.Afghanistan is back, having been banned from Sydney because the Taliban government didn’t let women do sports. There is also a place for newcomers East Timor and Kiribati.
A total of 10.500 athletes will compete in 28 sports. watched by 5.3 million ticket-paying viewers as will as a television audience of 4 billion.
Athens is to use its rich history and culture to make the Olympics as special as possible. The Games will open with cycling events which start in front of the Parthenon and Acropolis monuments. The final event will be a historic men’s marathon following the original route run by Phidippides in 490 BC to bring news of victory over the Persians.
The ancient stadium at Olympia, first used for the Games nearly three centuries ago, will stage the shot put competitions. And the Panathenian Stadium, where the first modern Olympics was held, is to host the archery(射箭)events.
If the well-known ancient sites deliver a great sense of history to the Games, the 39 new venues add a modern touch to the city of Athens. The main Olympic stadium, with a giant glass and steel roof, is the landmark(标志)building of the Olympics.
“We believe that we will organize a ‘magical’ Games,” said Athens 2004 President Gianna Angelopoulos-Daskalaki.“ Our history with the Olympic Games goes back nearly 3.000 years, and Athens 2004 could be the best ever.”
16 The World Table Tennis Championships attracts the most interest in Asian countries.
A Right   B Wrong    C Not mentioned
17 Participation in the Olympic Games is looked upon as an honor as well as an achievement.
A Right   B Wrong    C Not mentioned
18 Many state leaders will attend the opening ceremony.
A Right   B Wrong    C Not mentioned
19 The Games will open with cycling events because these events will take hold of the world’s attention.
A Right   B Wrong    C Not mentioned
20 The first modern Olympics was held nearly three   
centuries ago. 
A Right   B Wrong    C Not mentioned
21 The Panathenian stadium is the landmark building of Olympics.
A Right   B Wrong    C Not mentioned
22 Athens 2004 has been proven to be the best Olympic Games. 
 A Right   B Wrong    C Not mentioned
 
第3部分:概括大意与完成句子(第23―30题,每题1分,共8分)
阅读下面这篇短文,短文后有2项测试任务:(1)第23―26题要求从所给的6个选项中为第2―5段每段选择1个正确的小标题:(2)第27―30题要求从所给的6个选项中选4个正确选项,分别完成每个句子.请将答案涂在答题卡相应的位置上.
 
Even Intelligent People Can Fail
1 The striking thing about the innovators who succeeded in making our modern world is how often they failed. Turn on a light, take a photograph, watch TV, search the Web, jet across the Pacific Ocean, talk on a cellphone (手机).The innovators who left us these things had to find the way to success through a maze(错综复杂)of wrong turns.
2 We have just celebrated the 125th anniversary of American innovator Thonmas Edison’ success in heating a thin line to white-hot heat for 14 hours in his lab in New Jersey, US. He did that on October 22,1879,and followed up a month later by keeping a thread of common cardboard alight(点亮着的)in an airless space for 45 hours. Three years later he went on to light up half a square mile of downtown Manhattan, even though only one of the six power plants in his design worked when he turned it on, on September 4,1882.
3 “Many of life’s failures,” the supreme innovator said, “are people who did not realize how close they were to success when they gave up. ”Before that magical moment in October 1879,Edison had worked out no fewer than 3000 theories about electric light, but in only two cases did his experiment work.
4 No one likes failure, but the smart innovators learn from it. Mark Gumz, the head of the camera maker Olympus America Inc, attributes some of the company’s successes in technology to understanding failure. His popular phrase is: “You only fail when you quit.”
5 Over two centuries, the most common quality of the innovators has been persistence. That is another way of saying they had the emotional ability to keep up what they were doing. Walt Disney, the founder of Disneyland, was so broke after a succession of financial failures that he was left shoeless in his office because he could not afford the US$ 1.50 to get his shoes from the repair shop. Pioneering car madder Henry Ford failed with one company and was forced out of another before he developed the Model T car.
6 Failure is harder to bear in today’s open, accelerated world. Hardly any innovation works the first time. But an impatient society and the media want instant success. When American music and movie master David Geffen had a difficult time, a critic said nastily that the only difference between Geffen Records(Geffen’s company)and the Titanic (the ship that went down) was that the Titanic had better music. Actually, it wasn’t. After four years of losses, Geffen had so many hits (成功的作品)he could afford a ship as big as the Titanic all to himself.
23 paragraph 2_________  
24 paragraph 3_________
25 paragraph 4_________
26 paragraph 5_________

A Importance of learning from failure
B Quality shared by most innovators
C Edison’s innovation
D Edison’s comment on failure
E Contributions made by innovators
F Miseries endured  by innovators

27 People often didn’t realize how close they were to success when__________.
28 Before Henry Ford eventually developed the Model t car.__________.
29 Walt Disney was once so poor that________.
30 The media demand that_________.

A he developed 3,000 theories
B he couldn’t afford to buy a pair of shoes
C he found himself an unsuccessful man
D they quitted
E an innovation should work immediately
F failure is the mother of success

 
第4部分:阅读理解(第31―45题,每题3分,共45分)
下面有3篇短文,每篇短文后有5道题,每道题后面有4个选项.请根据文章的内容,从每题所给的4个选项中选择1个最佳答案,涂在答题卡相应的位置上.
第一篇
More Than a Ride to School
The national Education Association claims, “The school bus is a mirror of the community. ”They further add that, unfortunately, what appears on the exterior(外部)does not always reflect the reality of a chosen community. They are right, and sometimes it reflects more! Just ask Liesl Denson. Riding the school bus has been more than a ride to school for Liesl.
Bruce Hardy, school bus driver for Althouse Bus Company, has been Liesl’s bus driver since kindergarten. Last year when Liesl’s family moved to Parkesburg, knowing her bus went by her new residence, she requested to ride the same bus.
This year Liesl is a senior and will enjoy her last year riding the bus. She says, “It’s been a great ride so far! My bus driver is so cool and has always been a good friend and a good listener. Sometimes when you’re a child adults do not think that what you have to say is important.” Her friends Ashley Batista and Amanda Wolfe agree.
Bruce Hardy has been making Octorara students feel special since 1975.This year he will celebrate 30 years working for Althouse Bus Transportation. Company President, Larry Althouse acknowledges Bruce Harsy’s outstanding record. “You do not come by employees like Bruce these days; he has never missed a day of work and has a perfect driving record. Recognized in 2000 by the Pennsylvania School Bus Association for driving 350,000 accident free miles, Hardy’s reputation is made further evident through the relationships he has made with the students that ride his bus.”
Althouse further added, “Althouse Bus Transportation was established 70 years ago and has been providing quality transportation ever since. My grandfather started the business with one bus. Althouse Bus Transportation is delighted to have the opportunity to bring distinctive and safe service to our local school and community and looks forward to continuing to provide quality service for many more years to come. ”
Three generations of business is not all the company has enjoyed. Thanks to drivers like Bruce Hardy, they have been building relationships through generations. Lirdl’s mother Carol also enjoys fond memories of riding Bruce Hardy’s bus to the Octorara School District.
31 The word “mirror” in the first line could be best replaced by
A “vehicle”
B “device”
C “company”
D “reflection”
32 How long has Bruce Hardy been working for Althouse Bus Transportation?
A For 30 years.
B For 70 years
C Since last year
D Since 2000.
33 Which of the following statements is NOT true of Bruce Hardy??
A He is coll.
B He is a good friend.
C He is impatient.
D He has driven 350,000 accident free miles.
34 Who founded Althorse Bus Transportation?
A Larry Althouse.
B Althorse’s grandfather.
C Liesl’s mother.
D Ashley Batista.
35 What has Althouse Bus Transportation been mainly aiming at?
A Making as much money as possible.
B Building up its fame.
C Developing its business.
D Providing the local community with quality service.
 
第二篇
Don’t Count on Dung
Conservationists(自然保护主义者)may be miscalculating the numbers of the threatened animals such as elephants, say African and American researchers. The error occurs because of a flaw in the way they estimate numbers from the piles of dung (粪)the creatures leave behind.
The mistake could lead researchers to think that there are twice as many elephants as there really are in some regions, according to Andrew Plumptre of the Wildlife Conservation Society(WCS)in New York.
Biologist Katy Payne of Cornell University in Ithaca, New York, agrees .“We really need to know elephant numbers and the evidence that we have is quite indirect, ”says Payne, who electronically tracks elephants.
Counting elephants from planes is impossible in the vast rainforests of Central Africa. So researchers often estimate elephant numbers by counting dung piles in a given area. They also need to know the rate at which dungs decays. Because it’s extremely difficult to      
determine these rates, however, researchers counting elephants in one region tend to rely on standard decay rates established elsewhere.
But researchers at the WCS have found that this decay rate varies from region to region depending on the climate and environment. Using the wrong values can lead the census astray (离开正道), says Plumptre.
He and his colleague Anthony Chifu Nchanji studied decaying elephant dung in the forests of Cameroon. They found that the dung decayed between 55 and 65 per cent more slowly than the ding in the rainforest of neighboring Gabon. If researchers use decay rates from Gabon to count elephants in Cameroon, they would probably find more elephants than are actually around.
This could mean estimates in Cameroon are at least twice e as high as those derived from decay rates calculated locally, says Plumptre. “however accurate your dung density estimate might be, the decay rate can severely affect the result.”
Plumptre also says that the dung-pile census should be carried out over a region similar in size to an elephant’s natural range. The usual technique of monitoring only small, protected areas distorts numbers because elephants move in and out of these regions, he says. “If the elephant population increases within the protected area, you can not determine whether it is a real  increase or whether it is due to elephants moving in because they are being poached(入侵偷猎)outside.”
Plumptre says that similar problems may also affect other animal census studies that rely on indirect evidence such as nests, tracks or burrows(地洞).
36 The word “threatened” in the first sentence of the first paragraph could be best replaced by
A “endangered”
B “frightened”
C “killed”
D “angered”
37 why do researchers estimate elephant numbers in an area by counting dung piles?
A Because elephants are difficult to catch.
B Because it is not possible to count elephants from a plane.
C Because it is not possible to keep track of elephants.
D Because elephants are shy animals.
38 Piles of dung can’t be relied upon when it comes to estimating elephant numbers because
A they are different in size
B they scatter all over the region.
C they are different in decay rate.
D they are different in quality.
39 According to Plumptre, the region over which a dung-pile census is carried out should be
A small enough.
B well protected.
C carefully monitored.
D large enough.
40 The first word “He” in paragraph 6 refers to
A Andrew Plumptre.
B Katy Payne.
C Anthony Chifu Nchanji
D the writer of the article.
 
第三篇
More Than Just Money
When Patricia Rochester decided to go back to school after ten years as a staff nurse at Toronto Western Hospital, her employer not only cheered her on, but also paid her tuition and gave her a day off with pay every week to study. Throughout her years at the hospital. Rochester has also taken workshops on everything from coaching peers to career development―courses that she believes have helped her advance at work. “I’m now head of the mentoring(指导) program for new hires, students and staff nurses,” she says. “There’s a lot of room for personal improvement here.”
Perhaps as important, Rochester says her employer supports and values her work. “If you put in overtime, ”the nurse points out, “you get your meals they’ll order in pizza or Greek food or Chinese.” And if staffers feel stiff and stressed from too many hours on the ward, they can call for a free 15-minute shoulder-and-neck massage(按摩)or even sign up for an eight-week evening course on meditation skills and stress-relief. If that’s not enough, employees can take advantage of five family days a year that can be used if the kids come down with the flu or an aging parent needs ferrying to an important doctor’s appointment. And they have access to range of perks(好处)such as special rates on hotel rooms, drugstore purchases, and scholarships for employees’ children.
You might wonder how an  organization can provide such resources and still survive. But University Health Network is one of a number of progressive employers in Canada that have discovered that investing in staff is good business.
If such initiatives help companies cut down on turnover(人员更替) alone, they’re well worthwhile, says Prem Benimadhu, a vice-president at the Conference Board of Canada. It costs anywhere from $3,300 to rehire support staff, an average $13,300 for technical staff and a whopping(巨资)$43,000 for an executive position, according to one study of Conference Board members.
Innovative initiatives help companies attract talented employees, cut down on sick days (which cost Canadian businesses an estimated $17 billion a year, or an average of $3,550 per employee) and keep employees more interested in their work. With the substantial talent shortage that already exists in Canada and the prospect of mass retirement over the next five years-as many as 50 or 60 percent in some sectors―Benimadhu says that intelligent employers are putting a renewed focus on the people who work for them.
41 When Rochester decided to go to school, her employer
A persuaded her to change her mind.
B fired her.
C cheered her on.
D discouraged her.
42 Which of the following is NOT mentioned as a way to ease one’s stiffness and stress?
A To take an eight-week evening course on meditation skills and stress-relief.
B To call for a free 15-minute shoulder-and-neck massage.
C To use five family days.
D To ask for sick leave.
43 Investment in staff has been motivated
A to attract the public’s attention.
B to reduce staff turnover.
C to solve labor disputes.
D to show off financial.
44 Canada has been short of
A talented people.
B timber
C fresh water.
D money.
45 I paragraph 2, the phrase “come down with” could be best replaced by
A “shake off.”
B “get rid of ”
C “get”
D “cure”
 
第5部分:补全短文(第46-50题,每题2分,共10分)
阅读下面的短文,文章在有5处空白,文章后面有6组文字,请根据文章的内容选择5组文字,将其分别放回文章原有位置,以恢复文章原貌.请将答案涂在答题卡相应的位置上.
 
Read with Greater Speed
Do you have difficulty reading in class?If so, a special reading program that helps match sounds with letters could aped up your brain.
At least one out of every five elementary school students in the US has trouble learning to read, even when the students are good at other subjects._______(46)
Researchers from Yale University, US, studied a group of children from New York and Connecticut State. As part of the study,37 struggling readers received special tutoring.
Every day, instructors worked with them on recognizing how written letters represent units of sound called phonemes(音素)._________47
By the end of the school year, these children could read faster than before. They also made fewer mistakes, and understood more of what they read than they could earlier in the year.
As part of their study, the researches used a special machine to take action photos of the students’ brains.
________(48) This is the same part of the brain that becomes active when good readers read. This activated brain area appears to include a structure that helps people recognize familiar written words quickly. In lower level readers, this structure remains inactive.
A year later, the brain structure was still working hard in the students who had gone through the special tutoring, and they continued to do well in reading tests._________(49)
However, some researchers still doubt the study.________(50)
A Many adults are interested in matching sounds with letters.
B The students also practiced reading aloud and spelling.
C The biggest challenge for many of these kids, scientists say, is matching sounds with letters.
D Another group in the study who went through a more traditional reading program didn’t show the same progress.
E The pictures showed an increase in activity in the back of the brain on the left side.
F They believe that reading without making any noise or linking words to sounds is more efficient.
 
第6部分:完形填空(第51―65题,每题1分,共15分)
阅读下面的短文,文中有15处空白,每处空白给出了4个选项,请根据短文的内空从4个选项中选择1个最佳答案,涂在答题卡个应的位置上.
                 Man of Few Words
Everyone chases success, but not all of us want to be famous.
South African writer John Maxwell Coetzee is _______(51)for keeping himself to himself .When the 63-year-old was named the 2003 Nobel Prize winner for literature earlier this month, reporters were warned that they would find him “particularly difficult to ________(52)”.
Coetzee lives in Australia but spends part of the year teaching at the University of Chicago. He seemed _______(53)by the news that he won the US$1.3million prize. “It came as a complete surprise. I wasn’t even aware they were due to make the announcement,” he said.
His _______(54)of privacy led to doubts as to whether Coetzee will attend the prize-giving in Stockholm, Sweden, on December 10.
But despite being described as _______(55)to track down, the critics agree that his writing is easy to get to know.
Born in Cape Town, South Africa, to an English-speaking family, Coetzee_______(56)his breakthrough in 1980 with the novel “Waiting for the Barbarians(野蛮人)”.He ________(57)his place among the world’s leading writers with two Booker prize victories, Britain’s highest honor for novels. He first________(58)in  1983 for the “Life and Times of Michaelk”, and his second title came in 1999 for “Disgrace”
A major theme in his work is South Africa’s former apartheid(种族隔离)system, which divided white from black.________(59)with the problems of violence, crime and racial division that still exist in the country, his books have enabled ordinary people to understand apartheid _______(60)within.
“I have always been more interested in the past than the future,” he said in a rare interview. “The past _______(61)its shadow over the present. I hope I have made one or two people think________(62)about whether they want to forget the past completely.”
In fact this purity in his writing seems to be _______(63)in his personal life. Coetzee is a vegetarian, a cyclist rather than a motorist and doesn’t drink alcohol.
But what he has _______(64)to literature, culture and the people of South Africa is far greater than the things he has given up. “In looking at weakness and failure in life. ”the Nobel prize judging panel said, “Coetzee’s work _______(65)the divine(神圣的)spark in man.”
 
51 A looked after    B well known    C locked        D protected
52 A catch              B hold               C run into      D bump into
53 A reported         B influenced     C distorted    D shocked
54 A like                B devotion         C love            D attraction
55 A difficult        B easy           Cready          D complex
56 A forced           B made              C caused    D did 
57 A gave              B listed              C took           D arranged
58 A received       B obtained          C won            D had
59 A Dealing         B Handling          C Solving      D Removing
60 A in                 B out                   C of              D from
61 A covers           B displays           C spreads      D casts
62 A once             B  twice              C three times  D four times
63 A written         B hidden             C mirrored     D stricken
64 A contributed   B distributed     C attributed   D showed
65 A tells              B says                C informs       D expresses
 
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