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· GRE阅读综合辅导:63题新东方网
· GRE阅读综合辅导:63题新东方网
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· GRE阅读综合辅导:63题新东方网
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· GRE阅读:阅读速度慢和读后记不
· 考试大独家资料:GRE阅读全攻略
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· GRE阅读综合辅导:63题新东方网
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GRE阅读综合辅导:63题新东方网络课堂总结(三十一)

www.beatenglish.com 挑战英语 2010-02-09  来源:网络收集 []


                            Passage 31问题解决型(招募女董事)
提出问题:招募女董事The number of women directors appointed to corporate boards in the United States has increased dramatically, but(转折) the ratio of female to male directors remains low. Although pressure to recruit women directors, unlike(强对比,可能出取非题) that to employ women in the general work force, does not derive from legislation*1E, it is nevertheless(转折) real.

提出三个解决方案Although small companies were the first to have women directors, large corporations currently have a higher percentage of women on their boards. When the chairs of these large corporations began recruiting women to serve on boards, they initially(第一个解决方案) sought women who were chief executive officers (CEO’s) of large corporations. However(转折), such women CEO’s are still rare-. In addition(递进), the ideal*1 of six CEO’s (female or male) serving on the board of each of the largest corporations is realizable only if every CEO serves on six boards. This raises the specter担心,恐惧 of director over-commitment*1D and the resultant dilution of contribution. Consequently, the chairs next(第二个解决方法) sought women in business who had the equivalent of CEO experience. However, since it is only recently- that large numbers of women have begun to rise in management, the chairs began(第三个解决方案) to recruit women of high achievement outside the business world. Many such women are well known*5C for their contributions in government, education, and the nonprofit sector. The fact that the women from these sectors who were appointed were often acquaintances of the boards’ chairs seems quite reasonable+: chairs have always*4 considered it important for directors to interact (to act upon one another) comfortably*4C in the boardroom.

第三个方法成功的原因:公司性质是变化的Although many successful women from outside the business world are unknown to corporate leaders, these women are particularly qualified to serve on boards because of the changing nature of corporations*8.(以下展开讲该原因) Today(暗含的强对比) a company’s ability to be responsive to the concerns of the community and the environment can influence that company’s growth and survival. Women are uniquely positioned to be responsive to some of these concerns. Although conditions have changed, it should be remembered that most directors of both sexes are over fifty years old. Women of that generation were often encouraged to direct their attention toward efforts to improve the community. This fact is reflected in the career development*8 (career development: 职业培训) of most of the outstandingly successful women of the generation now in their fifties, who currently serve on corporate boards*8: 25 percent are in education and 22 percent are in government, law, and the nonprofit sector.(醒目的数字可暂时不看)

方法三的实例One organization of women directors is helping business become more responsive to the changing needs of society by raising the level of corporate awareness about social issues, such as(四项小列举很可能出排除题,要注意) problems with the economy*3A, government regulation*3B, the aging population*3C, and the environment*3D. This organization also serves as a resource center of information on accomplished women who are potential candidates for corporate boards.

1.     The author of the passage would be most likely to agree with which of the following statements about achievement of the “ideal”*1 mentioned in line 14?

(A) It has only recently become a possibility.

(B) It would be easier to meet if more CEO’s were women.

(C) It is very close to being a reality for most corporate boards.

(D) It might affect the quality*1D of directors’ service to corporations.D

(E) It would be more realizable if CEO’s had a more extensive range of business experience.

2.     According to the passage, the pressure to appoint women to corporate boards differs from the pressure to employ women in the work force in which of the following ways? (第一段最后一句)unlike的强对比取非题

(A) Corporate boards are under less pressure because they have such a small number of openings.

(B) Corporate boards have received less pressure from stockholders, consumers, and workers within companies to include women on their boards.

(C) Corporate boards have received less pressure from the media and the public to include women on their boards.

(D) Corporations have only recently been pressured to include women on their boards.E

(E) Corporations are not subject to statutory penalty*2E for failing to include women on their boards.
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